Ficus Auriculata Care: A Beginner’s Guide to Growing Roxburgh Figs

Understanding Ficus Auriculata (Roxburgh Fig)

Ficus Auriculata, commonly known as the Roxburgh fig, is a robust, tropical fruit tree that is both aesthetically pleasing and practical in its fruit production. This impressive species is part of the Moraceae family and is admired for its large, ornamental leaves and edible fruits. Native to the subtropical and tropical regions of Asia, Ficus Auriculata thrives in a warm climate but can also be cultivated indoors under the right conditions. This beginner’s guide will offer you practical tips on growing and taking care of these magnificent trees.

Choosing the Right Location

Before planting your Roxburgh fig, finding the right location is critical. Ideally, Ficus Auriculata requires a warm, humid environment with plenty of indirect sunlight. If you live in a predominantly cool climate, it’s best to grow your tree indoors or in a greenhouse where you can control the temperature and humidity levels. For outdoor growth, select a spot that is sheltered from harsh winds and extreme temperatures.

Soil and Planting

Ficus Auriculata prefers rich, well-draining soil with a slightly acidic to neutral pH. Before planting, enhance your soil with organic matter such as compost or peat moss to ensure optimal growth. When planting, make sure the hole is twice as wide as the root ball and at a similar depth as the container it came in, allowing roots ample space to spread out. After planting, water the tree thoroughly to settle the soil.

Potting and Repotting

If you are growing your Roxburgh fig in a pot, make sure the container is large enough to accommodate its growth and has enough drainage holes to prevent waterlogging. As the plant grows, you will need to repot it every couple of years to provide it with fresh soil and more room for the expanding root system.

Watering and Humidity

Regular, consistent watering is vital for the growth of Ficus Auriculata. The soil should be kept moist but not waterlogged. During the growing season, water the plant when the top inch of the soil feels dry to the touch. Cut back on watering during the winter months when the plant’s growth naturally slows down. Roxburgh figs also favor high humidity, so if you’re growing it indoors, consider using a humidifier or placing a water tray near the plant to increase the humidity levels.

Fertilization and Growth

To encourage vibrant foliage and healthy growth, fertilize your Ficus Auriculata with a balanced, slow-release fertilizer during the growing season. Apply it according to the instructions on the package, typically every two to three months. Keep in mind that over-fertilizing can harm the plant, so it’s essential to follow the recommended amounts.

Pruning and Maintenance

Pruning is an important aspect of caring for your Roxburgh fig. It not only helps to maintain the desired shape and size of the tree but also encourages the growth of new, healthy shoots. Prune your Ficus Auriculata in late winter or early spring before new growth starts. Remove any dead or diseased branches to promote good air circulation and use clean, sharp pruning tools to prevent the spread of disease.

Pest and Disease Control

Although Ficus Auriculata is relatively hardy, it’s susceptible to common pests such as aphids, mealybugs, and scale insects. Regularly inspect your plant for any signs of infestation. Treat pests early with neem oil or insecticidal soap to prevent them from spreading. To avoid diseases, ensure adequate air circulation and avoid overwatering.

Harvesting Roxburgh Figs

Once your Ficus Auriculata begins to bear fruit, typically in the late summer or early fall, you can start to harvest the figs. Pick them when they are plump, soft to the touch, and have a deep-purple hue. These fruits can be eaten fresh, dried, or used in various culinary dishes. Make sure to handle them gently, as the fruits are delicate.


With its lush foliage and unique fruits, Ficus Auriculata is a wonderful addition to any home garden or indoor plant collection. By following these care tips, even a beginner can successfully grow and enjoy the rewards of a Roxburgh fig tree. Stay attentive to your plant’s needs, and with time and patience, you will be able to cultivate a healthy and fruitful Ficus Auriculata.

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